THE HISTORY OF SUMANIYYAH (BUDDHISM) AND ITS DOCTRINES IN THE ARABIC-ISLAMIC DISCOURSE AN ANALYSIS

Authors

  • THAMEEM USHAMA
  • SHIHAB HAMOOD AL-TAMIMI

Abstract

This paper reviews the history of Sumaniyyah doctrines in the Arabic-Islamic discourse. The author collates diverse materials on Sumaniyyah from various Arabic sources to analyze and characterize them. Beginning with the term’s origin, Sumaniyyah’s etymology, homonymy and historical background are explored to clarify similarities and differences between what was called Sumaniyyah and Buddhism. The methodology used is qualitative description and content analysis with a focus on what early Muslim scholars wrote on Sumaniyyah until the 13th century of hijrah. The writers, highlight key doctrines including the transmigration of soul, idol worship, concepts of universe and creation, the belief in prophecy, the belief in the world’s eternal nature, and limitations on certain types of knowledge.

Published

2021-03-01

How to Cite

THAMEEM USHAMA, & SHIHAB HAMOOD AL-TAMIMI. (2021). THE HISTORY OF SUMANIYYAH (BUDDHISM) AND ITS DOCTRINES IN THE ARABIC-ISLAMIC DISCOURSE AN ANALYSIS. Hamdard Islamicus, 40(2). Retrieved from https://hamdardislamicus.com.pk/index.php/hi/article/view/148