Sloth, Wrath, Envy and Pride as Moral Disorders – Remedies by the Qur’?n and William Shakespeare - (A Comparative Study)
Man, by nature is weak and frail and cannot hold fast his ground against the strong and dominating temptation of evil. This is evident from his past history which teems with tales of greed and lust, of jealousy and sloth, indicating man’s unambiguous propensity towards evil. How divine scriptures and worldly books present and treat human nature explain the real state of affairs. These divine and worldly works include the Holy Qur’ân and the works of William Shakespeare – a divine scripture and book of morality and works of art – which, in their own respective way and according to the purposes they serve, endeavour to pinpoint the evil side of human nature. Not only this, they recommend ways and means to help man restore his lost fiÏrâh. Both the Holy Qur’ân and the works of William Shakespeare, chiefly, his four great tragedies show that, apart from many other vices, human nature is, dominantly, in the strong grip of sloth, wrath, envy, and pride. However, at the same time, these works discuss and cure these illnesses with diligence, patience, compassion and humility. The present study, one of a kind, attempts first to highlight passages in both works which point out the vices, and second, those which offer them cure. The methodology adopted in this paper is qualitative in nature that exploits the content analysis technique for the exhaustive examination of the secondary data, painstakingly collected from both the works before arriving at any substantial findings.